Ancient Choseon (古朝鮮)

• Bastard Son (庶子)

The “bastard son” or “son from the younger wife” is explainable as a result of the combination of the TM stems *se’uñ “relative (by marriage)” and *kuŋan “child; son”. The phrase *se’uñ kuŋan had formal signs hinting at its connection with *se’un kuŋan “Son of Heaven” and *se’un kuŋan “Lord of Heaven”.

Ancient Choseon (古朝鮮)

• Lord of Heaven (桓雄)

The most common ruler title in “The Legend of Tangun” was 桓雄 *hu’an (x)uŋu = 天王 “Heaven Lord”. It was formed by the Tungus-Manchu common nouns *hu’an “sun; heaven” and *(x)uŋu “head of the clan (tribe), elder, leader”. The variations of *(x)uŋu were *(x)uŋa or *(x)uŋan.

Hyangga: New Readings

• Introduction

This section features deciphering and new interpretation of Hyangga – an archaic genre of poetry written in the Korean language via Idu script.

Etymological Essays

• Litera; book (文, 斤尸)

Definition of the semantics of the word “book” in different languages; connection of the Russian word kniga with Hungarian könyʋ, Mordovian końoʋ; definition of a common source of terms; connection of the stems kъni-, köny-, końo- with kor. *küńü-> kɨšɨ- “draw a line, draw”; formation from *küńü- kor. kɨl “letter; written text; book”; the prototype for kɨl in the languages of the first Korean states.

Etymological Essays

• Headman; leader (金, 吉, 吉支)

Titles of the governors in the first Korean states; the origin and features of the morphological structure of the title “leader, ruler, sovereign”; the connection of the title with the designation of sovereigns in other languages; traces of the old title in modern Korean words.


Here you will find articles about the myths of the ancient Koreans, recreating the appearance of their language and worldview, works of ancient Korean poetry and literature, special articles about the words of the languages of states that appeared and disappeared in different periods of Korean history. Comprehending the meaning of everything that has been preserved from talented ancestors will make it possible to understand the historical roots of the Korean people, to bring closer the answer to the question of who are the Koreans and what is the future perspective for the nation.